Published Sept 13, 2021
Have you ever wondered why you’re experiencing leg pain when walking and standing? Leg pain can be annoying and disrupt all your daily activities. Your leg is part of everything you do, from standing to running. The causes of leg pain can either be musculoskeletal, neurological, or vascular.
At the same time, the pain can have a numbing, tingling, or aching feeling — it can be temporary or persistent. Most leg pains occur due to overuse or minor injuries and only need home treatment. Here are the most common causes of leg pain.
Common Causes of Leg Pain
A tendon is a connective tissue that attaches muscles to bones. Tendonitis occurs when the tendon becomes irritated or inflamed. It usually happens because of overuse, aging, or conditions like diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis. For example, if you repeatedly make the same motions to a certain body part, the tendons would be irritated. As a result, tendonitis may cause you to experience pain and stiffness in the joint.
2. Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (MTSS)
Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (MTSS), also known as shin splints, is a condition that is commonly experienced by active people such as runners, dancers, tennis players, or military recruits. MTSS is caused by overuse or repetitive stress on the shin area. This condition causes pain on the front part of the leg between the knee and ankle. Recovery from MTSS can be achieved in three to six weeks.
Osteoarthritis is the most common chronic kind of arthritis and is also known as “wear and tear” arthritis. It causes the cartilage to break down, making the bones within the joint rub against each other. Standing up and walking will be painful once the condition affects your hips or knees. Osteoarthritis can be caused by aging, heredity, and injury. When the bones rub once you move, you may hear a cracking sound.
Bursitis is a condition that involves swelling of a fluid-filled sac called a bursa. It may develop due to overuse, injury, or inflammation. Moreover, Bursitis can typically be treated at home by resting, adding paddings, and applying ice packs on the affected area. The pain usually goes away after a few weeks with proper treatment.
5. Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Lumbar spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spaces within your spine, which can compress certain nerves. It is commonly caused by osteoarthritis that involves wear-and-tear changes in the spinal canal. This condition occurs most often in the lower back and the neck but still causes nerve damage on your legs and is common among people ages 60 above. However, it can still affect young individuals. The symptoms of this condition include pain, cramping when walking, and weakness in the legs, calves, or buttocks.
6. Stress Fracture
Stress fractures are small cracks in the bone caused by repetitive motion or overuse. This condition is often seen in athletes who don’t take ample time to recover their bodies from training or workouts fully. This can be treated and avoided by resting and decreasing intense activities. If the stress fracture is not treated immediately, it can lead to severe pain.
7. Osgood-Schlatter Disease
Osgood-Schlatter Disease is the swelling, irritation, and inflammation of growth plates on top of the shin. Growth plates have a high risk of injury because it’s the softest and weakest part of the skeleton. Osgood-Schlatter Disease occurs commonly in children from 10-14 years old who are into sports and experiencing puberty.
8. Achilles Tendon Rupture
Achilles Tendon Rupture is a tear that occurs when the largest tendon — connecting calf muscles to the heel bone — is stretched beyond its capacity. This is caused by a sudden movement or stress of the foot that the Achilles tendon couldn’t withstand. This injury can commonly be caught when running or jumping intensely. When the Achilles tendon ruptures, you may hear a popping sound and experience this type of pain in your lower leg.
9. Peripheral Artery Disease
People with PAD, or peripheral arterial disease, in the legs have a narrowing or blockage of the arteries due to fatty deposits. The decreased blood flow to their legs can injure vessels and other tissues. The symptoms of this disease are pain, cramping, numbness, and cold lower legs or feet.
10. Blood Clots
A blood clot is a mass of blood that forms when a specific part of your blood thickens. The clotting prevents you from losing too much blood when you experience injury. When a clot forms in your veins, it can block blood flow to the heart. This can be a dangerous and life-threatening situation. Most people who experience this condition are obese, pregnant, over 65 years old, or have a family history with blood clots.
Leg pain when walking and standing sometimes is normal, which means you shouldn’t worry about it. Most cases of leg pain can go away through pain management and can be treated at home by resting. However, it can also be caused by serious diseases that need medical attention. Therefore, it’s best to consult your doctor if you’re experiencing persisting and severe leg pain.
About The Author
As a professional writer at many renowned websites Krizzia Paolyn has covered a wide range of topics in many industries. Her knack for uncovering important truths and conducting thorough research on each topic she writes about has helped thousands of people across the world.